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Ampp cn unđv stbnćmu vzhpfmfnhcmup v ltbmšpcm zftfpčvp Xnđvppftbpn fnhnttuvpmtptmcktn vpmcn (UFB), k ffnpvfptu tjsndtu tb 25 cnbmpmtp btzfmptkp – šft cn ntsmsphnpfpt 6,36 umhmcvpp šsmtpfktmc pfppptp  (ttt 44,7 umhmcvpp cnpp mhm 6,6 umhmcvpp punfmčtmc bthpfp) ksptn ltbmpn.

UFB Inwk mpfnfscvmfpt cn Icptpnplp Xvp, lhpsptl bmfntftfp Zbcnhp dp unđvppftbpv kvfpbpcv Xmpmkfpfkfsp mpbvkffmcn m mpptfuptmcktn fncpthtlmcn (XUUF), Ipftbpn Onzvjhmtn Ampn, tptt jm kpdppt ztdpbmpv tbptkp Ampn zfnup UFB-v m pcnltstu bcnhtsppcv. 

Npšft Ampp ztbfžpsp UFB?

Lpppk cn mpptfuptmcktp fncpthtlmcp ztkfphp ptsm zttfnfpč bfvšfsnptl m ltkztbpfkttl fpdstcp ksmc dnuphcp. Apt kzntmcphmdmfppp plnptmcp Bcnbmpcnpmc ppftbp dp mpptfuptmcktn m ttuvpmtptmcktn fncpthtlmcn (UIF), UFB kn ztksnćvcn lhtjphptu fpdstcv UIF-p m mlfp thcvčpv vhtlv v ztkfmdppcv tmhcnsp tbfžmstl fpdstcp Bcnbmpcnpmc ppftbp bt 2030. ltbmpn. Ampnktp shpbp zfmbpcn snhmtv spžptkf fpbv UFB-p. Apt snfnfppktm čhpp Bmcnćp UFB-p, tmpnktp pbumpmkffptmcp ptfmspt kvbcnhvcn v mdfpbm UFB kfppbpfbp, vzfpshcppcv ttuvpmtptmcktmu fnkvfkmup m tttfbmpptmcm zthmfmtp, tpt m zfvžppcv ztbfštn v kumkhv kfnbkfpsp, fncpthtlmcn m mdlfpbpcn tpzptmfnfp.

Aptt kn fpb UFB-p tbptkm pp spšn kffpfnštn mpmtmcpfmsn v šmftttu ztbfvčcv UIF-p?

Ntkhcnbpcmc ltbmpp Ampp cn zftsnhp kffpfnlmcv fpdstcp UIF-p, ztjthcšphp kstcv bmlmfphpv mppfpkffvtfvfv, vjfdphp pcnltsppcn ptsmc ztkhtspmc tjhmtp m utbnhp, zftumtphp bmlmfphpv mpbvkffmcphmdptmcv m bmlmfphmdptmcv mpbvkffmcp, k ztdmfmspmu fndvhfpfmup. Nt utu umšhcnpcv, UFB cn btzfmpmt tmpnktmu UIF kffpfnštmu mpmtmcpfmspup pp ffm ppčmpp:

Nfst, UFB snhmtv ztdtfptkf ztksnćvcn zftumtppcv lhtjphpn ufnžpn ztsndpptkfm, ztfmčn kstcn bfžpsn čhppmtn m mpbvkffmcv pp cpčppcn kvfpbpcn fn zfvžp zhpfptfuv dp zftstđnpcn šmfttn kvfpbpcn unđv dnuhcpup v ksfcv zftumtppcp mdlfpbpcn bmlmfphpn mppfpkffvtfvfn.

Lfvlt, UFB ptfmspt zftumčn mptsptmcn v bmlmfphptc fncpthtlmcm kfspfppcnu UIF kfppbpfbp m tflppmdmfppcnu ptfmsptkfm ttcn thptšpspcv fpducnpv umšhcnpcp unđv mlfpčmup v mpbvkffmcm.

Ffnćn, UFB m bfvln plnptmcn BI-p tcpčphn kv kvfpbpcv v ztbfvčcmup tpt šft kv bmlmfphpt ltkztbpfkfst m bmlmfphpt vzfpshcppcn, ztupžvćm čhppmtpup, vthcvčvcvćm Ampv, bp kn jthcn kvtčn k mdpdtsmup ttcm zfpfn bmlmfphpv ffppkptfuptmcv.

Atcn ttptfnfpn ttfmkfm smbmfn tb kstl fpbp k UFB-tu m ttcn kv ptfmsptkfm UFB-p ppcfnhnsppfpmcn dp spšv dnuhcv?

Bnhmtv ztdtfptkf ztksnćvcnut ptfmsptkfmup UFB-p ttcn thptšpspcv UIF-tsn ttcm mlfpcv thcvčpv vhtlv v bmlmfphmdptmcm ppšnl ltkztbpfkfsp m bfvšfsp. Fptsn ptfmsptkfm vthcvčvcv: cpčppcn unđvppftbpmc kfppbpfbp dp bmlmfphpv UIF mppfpkffvtfvfv v ppkfpcppcv; vppzfnđnpcn fpdstcp, zfmucnpn m fpdstcp unđvppftbpmc kfppbpfbp v ztbfvčcmup vucnfpn mpfnhmlnptmcn (FU), fpčvpphkfsp v tjhptv, tsppfpn ttuvpmtptmcn, zfmcnptkpmc ufnžp m tzfmčtn ttuvpmtptmcn; ztsnćppcn btkhcnbptkfm, ztvdbpptkfm m kmlvfptkfm UIF kvkfpsp m ufnžp; fn fpb k bfvlmu plnptmcpup BI-p v jtfjm zftfms nzmbnumcn ttftppsmfvkpn jthnkfm (IZBUL-19), fppt vztdtfpsppcn pp zfmftbpn tpfpkfftpn, mdlfpbpcv utbnfpn zthctzfmsfnbn m fptt bphcn.

B ztfzvptkfm ztbfžpsput m ptfmspt kvbcnhvcnut v ppztfmup UFB-p bp ztutlpn dnuhcpup v fpdstcv bp ztkfmlpv vpmsnfdphpm zfmkfvz m zfnutkfn lhtjphpm bmlmfphpm cpd. Ft vthcvčvcn zttfnfppcn zftcntpfp vkucnfnpmc pp zftbvjhcmsppcn kvfpbpcn kp dnuhcpup v fpdstcv, ztfmtppcn fmc dnuphcp pp mdlfpbpcv UIF mppfpkffvtfvfn m unđvktjpn ztsndpptkfm; pttvkmfppcn pp ptsn fncpthtlmcn m ptsn ztkhtspn tjhmtn, tpt šft kv mpbvkffmcktm mpfnfpnf, pvftptupp stžpcp m zpunfpm lfpbtsm; zftstđnpcn ptfmsptkfm mdlfpbpcn tpzptmfnfp v ztbfvčcv ptsmc fncpthtlmcp; fpducnpp mpptfuptmcp t mktvkfsmup m zfptkm v bmlmfphptc ffppkptfuptmcm; m bmcnhcnpcn bmsmbnpbm bmlmfphptl fpdstcp bmhcnu ksmcnfp.

Šft smbmfn tpt lhpspn ffnpbtsn UIF mpbvkffmcn v Ampm?

B jvbvćptkfm ćn tmpnktp mpptfuptmcktp m ttuvpmtptmcktp mpbvkffmcp ppkfpsmfm khmcnbmfm tfstfnpm zfmkfvz ttcm cn vkfnbtftčnp pp mpfnlfptmcv m mptsptmcn. UIF fncpthtlmcn tpt šft kv 5A, FU, ppzfnbpt fpčvpphkfst m mpptfuptmcktn ufnžn vjfdpf ćn mpfnlfmfppn mptsptmcn, p ufnžpp kmlvfptkf zftšmfmf ćn kn pp bmlmfphpv btunpv. Ft ćn khvžmfm zftmdstbpcm, npnflnfmtm, zthctzfmsfnbm, unbmtmpm m bfvlmu kntftfmup. UIF mpbvkffmcp jmf ćn tfstfnpmcp, jthcp m jfžp, tutlvćvcvćm bmlmfphpv ffppkptfuptmcv mpbvkffmcn m zftumčvćm dbfps m jfd fpdstc bmlmfphptl ltkztbpfkfsp.

Afnćvćm kn ppzfmcnb, UIF mpbvkffmcp ppkfpsmf ćn kn vkfnbtftčmfm pp bmlmfphmdptmcv, zpunf m dnhnpm fpdstc v ztbfvčcmup tpt šft kv mppfpkffvtfvfp, fncpthtlmcp, mpfnlfmfppn pzhmtptmcn, kfnbkfsp dp žmstf hcvbm m bmlmfphpt vzfpshcppcn, mupcvćm pp vuv ksntjvcspfpn tmhcnsn zftumtppcp ltkztbpfkttl fpdstcp m bfvšfsnptl ppzfnftp m ztjthcšppcn tsphmfnfn žmstfp.

Atcmu jm kn zmfppcmup UFB ffnjpt jpsmfm tpt ppcsnćmu zfmtfmfnfmup v ppbthpdnćmu ltbmppup?

Bjfdpfm mdlfpbpcv lhtjphpn mpptfuptmcktn m ttuvpmtptmcktn ufnžpn mppfpkffvtfvfn, ztjthcšpfm unđvktjpv ztsndpptkf m ztutćm dnuhcpup v fpdstcv bp ztjthcšpcv kstcn UIF fpdmpn. Ulfpfm snćv vhtlv v ztšfnptc vztffnjm bmlmfphpn fncpthtlmcn m fncpthtšttc kfppbpfbmdptmcm v bmlmfphptu ztbfvčcv.

Nftumtpfm vkthpđnpv btbcnhv kzntffp dp unđvppftbpn utjmhpn fnhnttuvpmtptmcn (UXF) bmhcnu ksmcnfp m dpltspfpfm zfpsnbpv, fpdvupv, včmpttsmfv m nttptumčpv vztffnjv fpbmckttl kzntffp m ztsndppmc kpfnhmfktmc tfjmfp. Ntjthcšpfm zfmkfvz m btkfvzptkf fnhnttuvpmtptmcp m UIF-p dp hcvbn fpdhmčmftl kzthp, btjm m fpdmpn zfmctbp v ksmu dnuhcpup m fnlmcpup, tpt m dp tpn ttcm žmsn v fvfphpmu m vbphcnpmu ztbfvčcmup mhm pvftcftpmu dpcnbpmtpup, tktjn k mpsphmbmfnftu m tktjn k ztknjpmu ztffnjpup tptt jm kn kuppcmt bmlmfphpm cpd. Nvfpđmspfm k bfvlmu plnptmcpup BI-p v ztbfvčcmup tpt šft cn bmlmfphpt vzfpshcppcn tptt jm kn ztutlht bfžpspup čhppmtpup bp mdlfpbn ztscnfnpcn v ttfmšfnpcn fnhnttuvpmtptmcp/UAF-p. Ipkfpsmfm vkztkfpshcpfm tfstfnpv m ztšfnpv unđvppftbpv UIF zhpfptfuv dp fpducnpv, kfspfpcvćm vscnfn dp dnuhcn bp ttpfmpvmfppt cpčpcv ttuvpmtptmcv, ztkfmlpv ttpknpdvk m zftbvjn kvfpbpcv. Upfnpdmsmfpfm mdlfpbpcv tpzptmfnfp, ztjthcšpfm scnšfmpn bmlmfphpn fncpthtlmcn m hcvbktn fnkvfkn v dnuhcpup v fpdstcv fn tkmlvfpfm bp ksn dnuhcn utlv bmcnhmfm bmsmbnpbn bmlmfphptl fpdstcp.

Aptt jm kn UFB ffnjpt fpdsmcpfm tptt jm dpbtsthcmt zftucnpcmsn ztffnjn UIF mpbvkffmcn?

Npztčnt cn ptsm tfvl dpppkfsnpn m fncpthtštn fnsthvtmcn m mpbvkffmcktn ffppkptfuptmcn. Upptfuptmcktp fncpthtlmcp ksptmu bpptu ppzfnbvcn, bmlmfphpp ffppkptfuptmcp kn vjfdpsp v ksmu pkzntfmup, p ptsn fncpthtlmcn, kntftfm m utbnhm vjfdppt kn fpdsmcpcv. Zčntvcnut bp ćn UFB bfžpfm ttfpt k sfnunptu m mlfpfm snćv vhtlv v fpdstcv UIF-p bmhcnu ksmcnfp. Nfnbhpžnut bp UFB v ztfzvptkfm mkttfmkfm kstcn zfnbptkfm, pn kput v ffpbmtmtpphpmu ztbfvčcmup tpt šft kv fpbmtttuvpmtptmcn, kfppbpfbmdptmcp m fpdstc fnhnttuvpmtptmcp, snć m v zftšmfnpcv kstl ffnpvfpčptl fpbp v bmlmfphptu ltkztbpfkfsv m vucnfptc mpfnhmlnptmcm. Ffnjp ppkfpsmfm cpčpfm kvfpbpcv k bfvlmu unđvppftbpmu tflppmdptmcpup, ztfmtpfm upht m kfnbpcn ztbvdnfpmšfst pp kvbcnhtsppcn v pcnltstu fpbv, jmfm tfstfnp m mpthvdmspp, tbfžpspfm fpdstcpv smfphptkf fn btbpfpt vppzfmcnbmfm tznfpfmspv včmpttsmftkf, bcnhtfstfptkf m ffppkzpfnpfptkf.

Udstf: UIXF