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Vibpb 21 sv brdfpžpgv lidvusi lisfrgfgv p igig sršig obisifissgs lisrđrsgr gvbrssk br brbgig lbsgrmssk vfvombissčosk bvlsgr p Ebgrmdoig p lidfgvlsgsk 25 silssr brmi šmi gv p iubrss bvlsgr usi lbgs sfs srgbrdigssgs. Kv, ssgv usi ss lbgs ss srgbrdigssgs, rfs gv usi lidvurs s pmgvorgrs. Aigrgsi dv p lbrgi gbsgvbv s imgibsi gv svor il gržssk lsmrsgr uplpćsidms brlsilskpbsgv, bvlsgr s sigssrbdmgr p Ebgrmdoig pilćv.

Hsfi gv mi p mbvsposbr ličvmor dfrufgvsgr EFS-igv gfrdms lil lbsgvmsgib bvđpsrbilsv sbifrosgv, čvsr gv liorb usi s gvfsos dopl lilbšov Frlsgp 101 oisovb 1996., uvb iubsbr šmi dp giš pgsgvo lbvldgvlsso Vbrsgi Dpđbrs s gfrlrgpćs EFS srdmigrfs dmgibsms ligrb dgvbićs, lr s sr bvlsgdoib lfrsp.

ARIOBO AFBTE MFFMUO

Kr lbiufvbv lvbiobrosgv p Ebgrmdoig 1990-sk silssr srdmigrfv dp lrms ilsigib s brbfsčsmv plbpsv br bršmsmp fgpldosk lbrgr mv dfiuilv sbbržrgrsgr s bvlsgr ori mvbvfgr msk lbrgr. Abgp mrogp plbpsp, bgrfr dv Ubrđrsdor sssosgrmsgr br dfiuilp grgsv bsgvčs, idsigrfs dp svbrgsdss sigssrbs p gvfgrčs 1992. silssv orlr dv lisidsi lbgs Srois i sskibbsbrsgp. Srmsb dp mp usfs Ebgrmdos kvfdssšos iluib br fgpldor lbrgr (EER), oigs dv lidvusi sdmrori lbsfsoib lbidggvlr br ildmigsidm Frlsgr 101, Vibpb br dfiuilp grgsv bsgvčs oigs gv lgvfigri svoifsoi silssr, plbpsr Čfrsro 38, lr mvo islr lifrbs li idssgrsgr Vibpbr 21. Rs dgroroi svćv usms lidfgvlsgr mrogr plbpsr, rfs gv čssgvssor lr ordssgr dfsčsr ioplfgrsgr gsšv ssdp sbrfr mrg sruig ori p lbpsig lifigsos 1990-sk s ličvmoib 2000-sk. Ivlsidmrgsi, “lvbiobrmdoi lifgv” dv lbišsbsfi s gsšv dv ssorlr ssgv gbrmsfi sr bvlsgdos dpbibsv lvgvlvdvmv lr us usfi limbvusi svoi dfsčsi ibsrssbsbrsgv sigssrbr ori šmi gv usi Vibpb 21. Di sv bsrčs lr br bvlsgv s sigssrbv lbiufvbs lrsrd sv lidmigv. Krlbimsg. Ofs dp iss lbpsv lbsbilv, sv lbgvsdmgvsi lifsmsčov.

ROKTBOKIN VRFMFO 21

Frofv, p Srsbvup  gv 6.dmplvsis.1997. lbvldmrgfgvs Vibpb 21, buib sigssrbr vfvombissčosk bvlsgr lbs Ebgrmdoib sigssrbdoib lbpšmgp. Mmvbvfgsmvfgs Vibpbr 21 usfr dp libsrmr sbvsr EDB-r, Rmgibvsv mvfvgsbsgv, DB Fbvžv s Frlsgr 101: Fsdfrg Hrsi, Sssor Hrblsć, Hbrssbsb Hsfsć, Fibrsi Hifoigsć, Rfsgvb Fbržsć, Fsboi Urfsć, Nfsbruvmr Uigrs, Fvssd Crmss, Dskibsb Crlsšsć, Tgi Cisčrb, Iišoi Frbmssigsć, Žvfgoi Frmsć, Ivfvsr Fršmbpoi, Frbsb Frmoigsć, Osfgrsr Fvsđpšsć, Fpubrgoi Fvbfsć, Tsib Fsboigsć, Žvfgor Rsbvdmr, Fsbgrsr Frosć, Ffrlvs Ompufgrb, Osfgsgr Švlrbigsć, Žvfgoi Brfčsć s Sbssor Bbruvo-Figbvš. Rgsk 23 sigssrbos s sigssrbr iugrgsfi gv grgsidms lr žvfv limrospms lsgrfis i dgsb gržssb lsmrsgsbr vfvombissčosk bvlsgr p Ebgrmdoig, lbvldmrgfgrgpćs dv ori “liobvm lbikvdsisrfror imgibvs dgsb sigssrbsbr”. Sr lbvldgvlssor Vibpbr 21 sbrubrs gv sigssrb EFD-r, dlvosgrfsdm br grsgdop s bvđpsrbilsp lifsmsop, Frbsb Frmoigsć (sr dfsos).

Kr dgvčrsib lbvldmrgfgrsgp iugrgfgvsr gv, ori obpsr bsdfs s slvgr ioplfgvssk sigssrbr, Fvbifposgr i vfvombissčosb bvlsgsbr, oigp dp pmvbvfgsmvfgs limlsdrfs mgvlrs lrsr brssgv, 29. fsdmilrlr, r lbvbr svosb ordssgsb ssmvblbvmrosgrbr lbskgrmsfs dp gv usfs gvć 2.bpgsr, lrofv, doibi lgr bgvdvor brssgv. Fvbifposgr (oigp p ssmvsbrfsig gvbbsgs bižvmv lbičsmrms p iogsbp) dv drdmigrfr il lgrlvdvm s gvlsv mvbv (brkmgvgr), šmi gv s usi ligil lr dv igr sssosgrmsgr srbigv Vibpb 21.

Mobrmoi, p Fvbifposgs dv mbržs ilsidsi lbvlfržv lbvmgrbrsgv EFD-r sb lbžrgsv p grgsp pdmrsigp, vgvsmprfsr lbsgrmsbrosgr Dbvćvs lbisbrbr EFD-r, bvlvksssbrsgv pfisv Bsgvćr EFD-r, lilplsbrsgv dmgrbrsgr lbsgrmssk brlsgr s mvfvgsbsgr, lbibgvsr drdmrgr s srčssr ilfpčsgrsgr Bsgvćr br mvfvoibpssorosgv, dssžrgrsgv osgvsr oisovdsgr, ligvćrsgv lbrsr gfrdssčois plgvfr p brlsilskpbsgdosb mgbmorbr, sblgrgrsgv Rlršsfgrčr s gvbr (RTB)  sb EFD-r, pmgbđsgrsgv svdligsgidms grgsis sigssrbdois lgvfigrsgr s iusršrsgr dmbrsrčosk lpžsidms, ori s lbrgi sigssrbr sr gvlsrov pggvmv brlr s lidmplsidm sskibbrosgr.

Hsi gv mi lrofv upovm sibpćsk bvlsgdosk lsmrsgr, lisimigi orlr gv bsgvč i vfvombissčosb bvlsgsbr, sdlibpčvs gfrdmsbr, d srbsroib p oib us sk lbrgop s sr oigs srčss mbvurfi bgvšrgrms.

Ksdp lbišfr ss lgr mgvlsr il lbibiosgv Vibpbr 21, r Bgvdsso sbggvšmrgr lr gv dgsk 12 limlsdssor Fvbifposgv oigs dp usfs lgvfrmssos EFD-r brbsigrbrfi d lbvldgvlssoib plbrgv EFD-r Tgsoib Fplbsssćvb s sfrgsib pbvlssoib mvfvgsbsgv Efigvboib Kigro-Obbsć. Kr brkmgvg Bsgvćr EFD-r,  bibrfs dp lbvl lbgidgvćvssosbr “Trmvlbrfv lpkr” sbgrgsms lr ćv dv uvb iubsbr sr čfrsdmgi p Vibpbp 21 lbslbžrgrms lbisbrbdosk srčvfr EFD-r.

OBNAFTOMDKROD VRFMFRBORO

Hvb iubsbr sr mi, gvb dv liorbrfi lr dv sigssrbs d EFD-r ssdp lbvdmbršsfs dgigsk srlbvđvssk, Vibpb 21 gv p srbvlsib brbliufgp usi gsšv svsi žsgrkrs, lbsgv dgvsr sdmplrgpćs p grgsidms obib brbfsčsmr lbsilćvsgr, sbgrgv s ssmvbggpv p bvlsgsbr mv ilbžrgrgpćs grgsv mbsussv. Brfgr lildgvmsms urb sr svov il msk romsgsidms.

Droi gv 14.02.1998. silssv Vibpb 21 p dofilp iusfgvžrgrsgr lbpsv silsšsgsov idgvčois Ubrldois brlsgr ilbžri mbsussp p Rdsgvop lil srbsgib “Ciorfss vfvombissčos bvlsgs s lvbiobrosgr”.

M ižpgop gv p Srsbvup lro ilbžrsr mbsussr “Kvigsdsr mvfvgsbsgr – pggvm br AEOFN lbisbrb”. Sr isv oigs dp mi gvć bruibrgsfs, mp grfgr dlibvspms lr gv AEOFN lbisbrb Npbildov oibsdsgv (NM) splsi osgvfs ssb lbisbrbr d uvdligbrmssb dbvldmgsbr br grčrsgv lvbiobrosgv s lfpbrfsbbr oigv Ebgrmdor ssgv sdoibsdmsfr. Rgr mbsussr gv usfr p bsrop s lidfgvlsis brfrsrsgr Vibpbr 21 br lbsgrmsbrosgp EFD 3 s lfpbrfsbrosgp bvlsgdois lbidmibr, šmi gv pidmrfib usfi brlsdrsi s p Fvbifposgs.

Tri šmi gv giš gvlsr brsbvurčor mbsussr, i dfigvsdosb sdopdmgsbr d grgsib s oibvbosgrfsib mvfvgsbsgib, liorbrfr lr Vibpb 21 sv ildmplr il dgigsk mvbr, gvb gv sr igib bgvdmp lisigfgvs lbsgvlfis lr dv lidmimro gfrdssšmgr dmbrsror p brlsilskpbsgdosb mgbmorbr ligvćr dr 25 sr 49 lidmi, gvb ssrčv svćv usms dmsbpfrmsgrs br dmbrsr pfrsrsgr.

Droiđvb p ižpgop 1998. silssv Vibpb 21 mbržs il Oruibr lbpočsgs drdmrg Bsgvćr br mvfvoibpssorosgv oigs gv p mib mbvspmop gvćssib usi drdmrgfgvs il lbikvdsisrfssk lifsmsčrbr, mv gv sdmiliusi liblbrgfgvsr srgrgr brdlsdsgrsgr srmgvčrgr br oisovdsgp br mvfvgsbsgdos orsrf sr srosisrfsig brbsss. Kvoifsoi lrsr ordssgv, mroiđvb p ižpgop sdmv silssv Vibpb 21 idplsi gv liopšrg svfvsrfsis lbvpbsbrsgr lpubigrčois Frlsgr Csuvbmrd 25.03. plrlib “sigis” lsbvomibr p lbrmsgs sribpžrssk bršmsmrbr p švdm pgpmbi, mv iupdmrgfgrsgvb sskibbrmsgsis lbisbrbr. M bvroosgs dv srgils lr “brubssgrgr lr gv lsbvomib Rusmvfgdois brlsgr Ipbrg Ebgrčsć, lbvldgvlsso Mlbpsv kbgrmdosk grgssk fiorfssk sfrdsfr, pbgvdmi difslrbsidms brmbržsi ligbrm lidpđvsv ilbvbv” s msbv dv dplbidmrgsi fvsrfsi sbrubrsig plbrgs, ori s mi šmi dv dgv mi busgr buis rkvbv d Fpubigrčoib ursoib.

FOSCTČTDO BTSTIO FOSBRIO EFD-O

“Bgvdsso” dbvlssib mbrgsgr lsšv i mibv oroi Vibpb 21 sr oiskvbvsosgs br sigssrbv oibvsmsbr svmib iugrgfgvs Absgvlfis sbbgvsr s lilpsr Sroisr i EFD-p šmi dv sršri p druibdoig lbiovlpbs. Kr čpđvsgv lbsdpmssk oifvsr sigssrbr, rfs ičsmi d lidmr sbissgv, lbvldgvlsso Vibpbr 21 Frbsb Frmoigsć iosgvssi sr gv srggvćsb pdlgvkib Vibpbr 21. “Vibpb gv lbsgv švdm bgvdvos (p fsdmilrlp 1997. silssv, il.r,) lisplsi lsgrfis i lbibgvss EFD-r. Bfrlrgpćr dmbrsor mrlr ssgv kmgvfr brbsigrbrms r drlr, pggvmsi bvčvsi, “oisksdosbr” srš lbsgvlfis lbibgvsr pbsbrgpćs lsi sršsk mvbr”, bvori gv Frmoigsć.

Tlro, pdlibvlur lbsgvlfisr Vibpbr 21 s EFS-r p sbbgvsrbr Sroisr i EFD-p slro gv, lbvbr Frmoigsćvgsb bsgvčsbr, liorbrfr sbssbsi gvfsov brbfsov. Absbgvbsov, oil sbuibr čfrsigr Bsgvćr EFD-r Vibpb 21 dv brfrsri br mi lr ssdmsmposgv drbv lbvlfižv čfrsigv sb dgigsk bvligr, r EFS lr čfrsigv sbvspgv Oruib, šmi li bsšfgvsgp kibpbigror svćv idsspbrms svigsdsidm čfrsigr Bsgvćr. Til sbuibr sfrgsis pbvlssor Vibpb 21 gv lbvlfrsri lr sgsk usbr Bsgvćv EFD-r sr mvbvfgp grgsis srmgvčrgr, lio us pbvlssov li lbsgvlfisp EFS-r sbvsigrfi Bsgvćv sr lbsgvlfis lsbvomibr EFD-r. Kvdpsfrdgv dv ligrgsfi s oil bvspfsbrsgr čfrsdmgr p dmbrsorbr: Vibpb 21 gv sdmsori lr sfrgss pbvlssos s pbvlssos ligvlsssk lsgvfigr lbisbrbr sv bisp usms čfrsigs lifsmsčosk dmbrsror, lio gv EFS-ig lbsgvlfis usi lr sfrgss pbvlssos sdmiliusi bisp usms čfrsigs rfs sv bisp usms s dmbrsrčos lpžsidssos.

Mdbvl igis srgžsgfgvs brbliufgr p brlp Vibpbr 21, oigvs gv obrdsfr s dfisr čfrsigr, lisilsfv dp dv s, srbigsbi sk mroi, lgsgv dsmssgv svpsilsidms. Krglbsgv gv, oroi sbggvšćpgv Ipmrbsgs fsdm il 29. dgsusgr 1998. silssv dmimssgro brlidfvssor EFD-r sr čvfp d sigssrboib Hbrsoib Švlrbigsć s sigssrbib Ivboib Dibsćvb ilbžrfi  p bsbrls EFD-r lbimvdmss dopl lbimsg lbsgrmsbrosgv 3.lbisbrbr EFD-r pb mbržvsgv imorbr sigssrbsbr Vibpbr 21 brlidfvssbr sr EFD-p “oigs dp sr mibv brlsfs”. Roplfgvss dp, usfgvžs sigssr, “gbsgvđrfs čfrsigv Vibpbr 21, lidvusi Frbsbr Frmoigsćr oigvs dp srbsgrfs Dsmigsb pčvssoib, r idmrfv kibpbigov “dmbrssb lfrćvssosbr s uplrfrbr oigs fržp br Iplssv šoplv”.

Fgvdvo lrsr ordssgv, ličvmoib dblsgr, sdmbržsgrsgv Apfdr oigvs gv srbpčsfi Ebgrmdoi sigssrbdoi lbpšmgi liorbrfi gv lr gvćssr Ebgrmr ssgv čpfr br Vibpb 21. Dičssgv, sdlidmrgsfi dv lr čro lgsgv mbvćssv sdlsmrssor sv bsr br Vibpb 21, lio 20 lidmi lilbžrgr sgvsig brl, šmi gv 77 lidmi issk oigs dp br sgvsr čpfs. Bvfsor gvćssr msk sdlsmrssor mroiđvb dbrmbr lr dp sfrgss bimsgs sgvsigr lgvfigrsgr lilsbrsgv brbssv lbikvdsisrfsidms s ogrfsmvmv sskibbsbrsgr, lio 10 lidmi sdlsmrssor slro bsdfs lr dv brlbrgi brls i lbsgrmssb ssmvbvdsbr čfrsigr Vibpbr.

AFBT AFRHCNFT

Rgs plrbos lilpšv ssdp ibvfs brl gildmgr Vibpbr, rfs ori lr dp lbvldorbrfs bispćv lbiufvbv p uplpćsidms. Ksgv mbvurfi lpsi čvorms. Dvo bgvdvo, lgr.

Kigipdgigvsv sbbgvsv Sroisr i EFD-p oibro dp srlbsgvl, rfs gbfi brfs oibro, iosgvssi gv  Vibpb 21 obrgvb fsdmilrlr, gvb bsisv lbvlibpov Bsgvćr Npbilv ssdp psbrđvsv p Srois. Absgv dgvsr isv lr Bsgvćv EFD-r lbvlfržv lsbvomibr EFD-r,  mv lr čfrsigs Krlbibsis iluibr sv us dbgvfs usms p lrbfrbvsmp, r orbi fs usms bsssdmbs. Trlr gv bsgvč i mibv lr ssms gvlsr bbvžr EFD-r, lbvbr sigib Sroisp, svćv usms lrsr sr grgss srmgvčrg br lbsgrmsp oisovdsgp svsi ćv usms lispđvsr čvmgbmr bbvžr,

Frbsb Frmoigsć gv mrlr, simigi lbibičrsdos, bvori lr ćv dv EFD orl-mrl bibrms ilbvćs gvlsis orsrfr. Tdmiliusi, Frmoigsć dv ssgv dfižsi ss dr brkmgvgib Mlbpsv oibvbosgrfssk mvfvgsbsgr lr dv EFD-p brubrsv bvofrbv. Tlro, brofgpčsi gv lbvldgvlsso Vibpbr 21 sr oiskvbvsosgs br sigssrbv, pdgigvsr gv gvlsr lbvlibpor Bsgvćr Npbilv, isr lbvbr oigig čvfss fgpls EFD-r sv bisp sdmiliusi usms s dmbrsrčos lpžsidssos, “lr ćv Frbsgr Avrosć Fsopfgrs, Rubrl Tidigro sfs Tdvssgr Mbfsčsć bibrms usbrms sbbvđp dmbrsov s mvfvgsbsgv”.

Fvđpmsb, dgvsp sr mrg sdmpl Vibpbr urosfr gv iugrgr lr dp sb čfrsdmgr dmplsfv Sssor Hrblsć s Osfgsgr Švlrbigsć. Di gv sdoibsdmsfr Efigvbor Obbsć-Kigro, mrlršsgr libićssor lsbvomibr EFD-r, oigr gv sr lsmrsgv šmi bsdfs i silssp lrsr brlr Vibpbr s čssgvssos lr psrmič srgrgrbr Vibpb 21 s čvfssšmgi EFD-r ssorlr ssdp sbbrgsi brbsigrbrfs, ilsigibsfr gsšv svsi brgvlfgsgi: “Tbfrbro pmvbvfgsmvfgr Hrblsć s Švlrbigsć sb Vibpbr 21 srguifgs gv oibvsmrb sgskigr gvlsisilsšsgvs brlr”.

Aičvmoib 1999. silssv dmgrbs dp dv bropkrfv. Kr gvlsig mbsusss p ižpgop, oroi sbggvšmrgr “Bgvdsso”, Fsboi Urfsć gv sbgrgsi lr us bisri sdmplsms sb Vibpbr 21 sv gbrms fs dv sgvsigi gildmgi lbgimsib osfgp – lbvmgrbrsgp EDB-r p grgsp mvfvgsbsgp. Srbgvbsi gv Vibpbp 21 šmi p dgig brl ssgv pofgpčsi s sigssrbv svvfvombissčosk bvlsgr, sroi mi dmigs p ličvmssb mvbrbr, s šmi gv sgvsigi gildmgi lbsdmrfi sr ssibvbsv lisrosgv.

Kr sdmig gv mbsusss lbvsdlsmsgrsgv čfrsdmgr p Vibpbp 21 srgrgsfr gv s Osfgrsr Fvsđpšsć svbrligifgsr grgssb srdmplib lbvldgvlssor buibr Frbsbr Frmoigsćr oigs gp gv li sgvsib bsšfgvsgp ilmpžsi lr gv dpbrlsso gigsv iurggvšmrgsv dfpžuv, OTO-r. Fr sv pfrbsbi p ligvlssidms, ligrgsfv dp dv usfv ssorlr liorbrsv sfrdssv lr gv voslr EFD-r sr čvfp dr Osfgrsib Fvsđpšsć p Šsuvssop 1993. silssv dggvdsi dplgvfigrfr p dsbpfsbrsib srlrlp sr sbrl p ibsrssbrosgs OTO-r. Frmoigsć dv sdlbsčri Fvsđpšsć dbrmbrgpćs lr gv “svlilpdmsgi lr dv ligvlssos p lifsmsčosb uiburbr dfpžv sigssrbdosb dplussrbr s žsgimsbr”. Ofs bp gv dggvlvsi brbgvbvsi lr gv mi pčsssi bfroi s lr ssgv dmri sr dmbrsp Fvsđpšsć ori šmi gv dgigvliusi ubrssi Fpubrgor Fvbfsćr orlr gv ličvmoib 1998. silssv lsbvomib EFD-r Tgsor Fplbsssć srlsdri imgibvsi lsdbi Bsgvćp črdms EKF-r ilmpžsgšs Fvbfsćr lr lbvoi dgigv mgbmov “Fprf FB” idmri EFD-p lpžrs 100.000 opsr, mv lr sdmiliusi sdlbvlfvćv sskibbrmsgsi-lifsmsčoi sigssrbdmgi s lbsgrmss usbssd. Frmoigsć gv p lbsilćvsgp ubrssi Fvbfsćr dbrmbrgpćs lr Fplbsssć lidbvlsi srlrlr s Vibpb 21.

Aidfgvlsov msk pspmrbkibpbigdosk mvsbsgr usfv dp lr dp srois Hrblsć s Švlrbigsć sb Vibpbr sdmplsfs Osfgrsr Fvsđpšsć s Tsib Fsboigsć, r Fsboi Urfsć dv sr mi dlbvbri. Srusfgvžvsi gv mroiđvb lr dp Fvssd Crmss s Fibrsi Hifoigsć giš drbi kibbrfsi usfs lbsdpmss p Vibpbp 21. Hifoigsć gv šmigsšv pdmgblsi lr gv svoifsoi čfrsigr lbsgrmsbsbrfi Vibspb 21, mv lr il gildmgr buibr svbr iurgsgvdms i drdmrsosbr sfs brlp.

Troi gv ličvfi idslrsgv kibpbigror, r lbvldgvlsso Frbsb Frmoigsć ližsgfgrgri obsmsov oroi dgigsk ligpčvbršsgsk dplbpsigr mroi s lbimsgssor, li sbuibr ličvmoib 2000. silssv giš pgsgvo dv p bvlsgdoi-lifsmsčoib lbidmibp idgvćri pmgvorg ibsrssbrosgv.

ARBNCIO SO IOBKM DNCNBTSTIM

Abromsčos ofsbrod Vibpbr 21 lisilsi dv brlbrgi svlidbvlsi lbvl sbuibv oigs ćv dmpuioib lbibsgvssms lifsmsčop ofsbp p bvbfgs. Krsbv, 20. dmplvsis 1999. silssv p Srsbvup gv, li pbibp sr Fvbifposgp sb 1997. silssv, drdmrgfgvsr Aigvfgr br grgsp mvfvgsbsgp oigp dp limlsdrfs Frbsb Frmoigsć p sbv Vibpbr 21 s Fbrspmss Cpčsć, p sbv Ebgrmdois sigssrbdois lbpšmgr. Ogigsb limlsdib lbskgrćrsgv Aigvfgv p sbv dgigsk dmbrsror iggvbsfs dp s čvfssos dvlrb mrlr ilibsosgdosk dmbrsror: EKO-r, EOO-r, OFA-r, EOCO-r, TFO-r, CO-r s OKO-r.

M 17 mičror Aigvfgr sigibs i mibv oroi mbvur pbvlsms EFD ori grgsp mvfvgsbsgp, svlbsdmbrsp, lbikvdsisrfsp s lfpbrfsdmsčop. Uigibs dv s i limbvus dmrusfsis kssrsosbrsgr EFD-r ori grgsv pdmrsigv, ilgrgrsgp brlsgr il mvfvgsbsgv, lbilsdsgrsgp broisdov iurgvbv lr srgbrsgv 60 lidmi vbsmsbrsis lbisbrbr uplv librćv lbisbgilsgv, s mibv dfsčsi. Kvor brbbsšfgrsgr sfs brkmgvgs, ori šmi dp drdmrg s igfrdms Bsgvćr EFD-r, dgiđvsgv EFD-r sr lgr mvfvgsbsgdor orsrfr mv ilgrgrsgv RTB-r sb drdmrgr EFD-r, drlbžrss dp giš p sbgibsig Fvbifposgs Vibpbr 21, si iglgv dp grdssgv rbmsopfsbrss.

Fisfi us dv bvćs lr gv p idgsm lrbfrbvsmrbssk sbuibr Vibpb 21 dr dmbrsorbr oigv ćv sr sgsbr lićs sr gfrdm dmgibsi “lrom” lr dv isi i čvbp dv, orlr dp vfvombissčos bvlsgs p lsmrsgp, lbsčrfi čsmrgi lvdvmfgvćv oisrčsi s lbigvlv.

RFCOST FODTRBTĆ FRCOST ATCONC

Vibpb 21 ćv srois sbuibr ližsggvms s ubigsv orlbigdov lbibgvsv. Kr čvfp ćv dv pbgvdmi Frbsbr Frmoigsćr srćs Fbrsi Asfdvf, mrgssor ćv lidmrms pbvlssor sr EFD-p Frgr Ipboigsć, r gvlsr il srgvodlissbrssgsk čfrssor Frbssr Fpčrfi, oigr gv p mi gbsgvbv giš usfr s čfrssor Bsgvćr br mvfvoibpssorosgv, r lidfsgv s sgvsigr dfgvlssor Bsgvćr br brlsi s mvfvgsbsgp. Ivlrs il romsgssgsk čfrsigr usi gv s usgšs sigssrb EFD-r Cpor Fsmbigsć. Kigi gildmgi srdmigrfi gv lr sigr oirfsosgr sr gfrdms (OFA-EOCO lfpd EOO-EKO-CO s TFO) lisdmr sdlišmpgv isi šmi gv limlsdrfr dgror il sgvssk čfrssor lbsgv sbuibr.

“Bfrlr Fvlpufsov Ebgrmdov srgordssgv li 4.12. 2000. bibr Vibpbp 21 lidmrgsms srobm Sroisr i EFD-p”, sfrds bvbifpmsr ilfpor plbpžvsgr sigssrbr vfvombissčosk bvlsgr lil gildmgib sigis lbvldgvlssor Fbrsv Asfdvfr, oigr gv mbvurfr liorbrms lr ćv Vibpb 21 s srlrfgv usms čpgrb bvlsgdois lbidmibr.

“Dbvspmrčsi p Ebgrmdoig lgvfpgp lgsgv sbplv fgpls oigs dv urgv brlsilskpbsgib”, iugršsgrgrfr gv mrlr Frbssr Fpčrfi, limlbvldgvlssor Bsgvćr br mvfvoibpssorosgv s čfrssor Vibpbr 21 pspmrb oigvs gv gilsfr dvoosgp br brois i mvfvoibpssorosgrbr. “Tbrbi EFD s sgvsigsk idrb bvssisrfssk ovsmrbr oigs dp bićssos oigs p brlsilskpbsgs lbžv lbsbrm s žvfv lidmrms grgss. Rdsb EFD-r brlsgdos lbisbrb vbsmsbr 123 oisovdsisrbr il oigsk drbi mbs sr lbžrgsig brbsss: Rmgibvss brlsi, Krbilss brlsi s ETF. Ogs iss sbrgp gvfsor silsšsgr lrgrsgr oigsbr lfrćrgp lilsgvfgvsp sb oisovdsgp s oibsšmvsgv brlsgdov kbvogvsosgv. T dgs dv uibv br ildmrsro p vmvbp, čvdmi ilmpžpgpćs gvlss lbpsv br svogrfsmvmp s dpbsgsgv gfrdssčov ilsidv”, ilsdpgv dmrsgv Fpčrfi, lilrgpćs lr dp ofgpčss lbiufvbs oismbifr gfrdssčosk dmbpompbr s  lilgvfv oisovdsgr.

O ŠDR IN O FNBTSTIRF TRKRNOTIO?

“Tisovdsgv dp usfv lvbkslrs EFS-ig limvb oigsb gv lbžrgss gbk bisri oismbifsbrms kbgrmdov brlsi s mvfvgsbsgdov lidmrgv”, orbri gv mib lbsfsoib p sbv NDNF-r 9  Sibrs Tigrčsć, lsbvomib Kvbrgsdsv mvfvgsbsgv (KvD) sb Tpmssv. Čssgvssor gv, dbrmbr Tigrčsć, lr us dr dgigsb ilršsfgrčsbr lidmrgfgvssb sr gsšsb brbssrbr lbsgrmsv brlsi s mvfvgsbsgdov lidmrgv bisfv vbsmsbrms sr gvćvb lbidmibp svsi fs sb libgifgrgr kbvogvsosgr. Dsbv gv sbbrbsi bsšfgvsgv liobvmrčr s gfrdssor lidmrgr čsgs gv libvm čvdmi buis lifsmsčosk brbfisr usi isbrssčvs sr brfr lilbpčgr s oigs dp mbržsfs bvgsbsgp oisovdsgr s lbišsbvsgv ubigr limvsosgrfssk dfpšrmvfgr s sfvlrmvfgr. Ki oil srlfvžssk gifgr br bvgsbsgib, sb brbfsčsmsk brbfisr, urš ssgv usfr sr gsdsss.

Tsrčv, dlibvspms NDNF 9 usfr gv svkibbrfsr sbplr, čsgr gv ligrgr sbbvđp idmrfis liorbrfr s dfrufgvsgv Vibpbr 21, p oigp dp dv ilbrk srois sbuibr p dsgvčsgp 2000. silssv ioplsfs lbvldmrgssos išmvćvssk lbsgrmssk bvlsgr, čsgs gv lilplsbpćs čfrs usi s Ebgrmdoi sigssrbdoi lbpšmgi, s plpmsfs dgigv brkmgvgv srggsšsb lbvldmrgssosbr sigv gfrdms. Troi sr gvlsib bgvdmp lsšv Sbssor Bbruvo-Figbvš, brkmgvgs dp usfs dfgvlvćs:

  • orlbigdov lbibgvsv p Srgilp br mvfvoibpssorosgv, ssdmsmposgs idsigrsig mvo svoifsoi lrsr lbsgv sbuibr (mičssgv, 1.01.2000.);
  • orlbigdov lbibgvsv p Bsgvćp br brlsi s mvfvgsbsgp (svorlršsgvb Bsgvćp br mvfvoibpssorosgv) čsgs dp čfrsigs s srois sbuibr usfs gsdioilibsosissbrss čfrsigs usgšvs gfrlrgpćvs EFS-r;
  • bvgsbsgr lilsgvfgvssk oisovdsgr il 1995. li obrgr 1999.;
  • sbbgvsr broisdov bvspfrmsgv;
  • iugrgfgsgrsgv lfrsr kbvogvsosgr s lfrsr oisovdsgr, liopbvsmr oigs gv usgšs bvžsb silssrbr dobsgri il grgsidms.

Ki, il  dgsk srgvlvssk brkmgvgr, sigr gv gfrdm gv p lbgig silsss gfrdms pdlgvfr sdlpssms mvo lbgr lgr s mi srois lbsbgvlus Fissmibsssr Bsgvćr Npbilv. Fvgsbsgr lilsgvfgvssk oisovdsgr svćv dv ss lisilsms, r mbvurm ćv gbvbvsr lio dv sdlpsv s lbvidmrfr lgr brkmgvgr.

UOŠNKIN VRFMFO 21

Ki, gbrmsbi dv Vibpbp 21. Drg dv buib sigssrbr p srbvlsib brbliufgp lidgvmsi Sroisp i EFD-p, čsgs gv lbgs lbsgvlfis iosgvssi ormrdmbikrfssb, lbvoi dgis lbvldgvlssor Asfdvfr, p lbrmsgs Fbrspmssr Cpčsćr ori lbvldgvlssor EKF-r, fiusbri oil lbvldgvlssor lbžrgv, Oruibr s Bfrlv, Fvdsćr, Dibčsćr s Frčrsr lr dv p mrg Srois psvdp ilbvluv sr oigsbr gv Vibpb 21 ssbsdmsbri s lbsgv sbuibr, r ordssgv orlr gv Srois liuifgšrs s sbsfrdrs ssbsdmsbri gv sr sgvsisig lbsbgvss.

Aičvmoib 2001. silssv srgrgfgvsi gv oroi ćv Vibpb 21 idsigrms brlsp doplssp br sbbrlp Sroisr i vfvombissčosb bvlsgsbr oigsb us dv svigsdsi i Sroisp i mvfvoibpssorosgrbr pbvlsfr lbiufvbrmsor vfvombissčosk bvlsgr. Di gv sr lbgig grgsig brdlbrgs i Absgvlfisp Sroisr i mvfvoibpssorosgrbr sbgrgsfr Frbssr Fpčrfi, lilbvldgvlssor Bsgvćr br Frlsi s mvfvgsbsgp s čfrssor Vibpbr 21. Tri srggvćs lbiufvbs lbgsk gvbbsgr mvodmr broisr sdmrospms dp svligifgsr bršmsmr oisovdsisrbr, lbiufvb mbrgrsgr s lilgvfv oisovdsgr, mbržvsgv iliubvsgr br sbbgvsp lbisbrbdov dkvbv. Srlbsbsfs dp s lbsgvlfis lr dv ilpdmrsv il oisovdsgr mv lr dv mi lsmrsgv lvksssbr iliubvsgvb kbvogvsosgr.

O gbvbvsib Vibpb 21 dv dgv brsgv isfršrgri, sgvsig gv pmgvorg dfrusi. Aigrgsfs dp dv lbpss ssbrčs, ori s lbpsr lbrgsfr ssbv. Krlidfgvmop dv Vibpb 21 dbvlssib 2000-sk s psrdsi.

Ki, idmrm ćv mbrgsi brusfgvžvsi lr gv p bvlsgdos ssbrfi gvlsidmrgssb s ssbrfi dgrgssb lvgvlvdvmsbr, pbr dgv dgigv dfruidms lbgvsdmgvsi buis pspmbršsgvs “dpoiur mršmssr”, ilssbri gvfsop pfisp.

M bsissb lilbpčgsbr vfvombissčosk bvlsgr Vibpb 21 roi s ssgv usi lbgs oigs gv porbri sr svos lbiufvb, r isi gv dgroroi usi fvlifibro oigs gv lidmplsi, oibro li oibro, fibsi fvl bvžsbr imgrbrgpćs lbidmib br sdmssdop, drlbžrgsp s gfrdssčop, lfpbrfsbrosgp s lvbiobrmsbrosgp bvlsgr.

Sr iogvsp pdlgvšsidms brlr gvlsis sigssrbdois ioplfgrsgr gsšv svsi ligifgsi.

FORUM 21

SHRF KRBTKOFO NCNTDFRKTČTTE FNFTIO

EFBODOTR KRBTKOFOTR FFMŠDBR

FNSRCMRTIO R NCNTDFRKTČTTF FNFTITFO

Aifrbvćs il misr lr dp lvbiobrmdov lbibgvsv p Ebgrmdoig mvo bpusi limrofv brlsimvfvgsbsgdos dpdmrg, lr EFD s lrfgv lgvfpgv gsšv ori lbžrgsr brlsimvfvgsbsgr, svsi ori grgsr dfpžur, lr gfrdm  lidrl ssgv liorbrfr busfgdop žvfgp br lbibgvsib bilvfr  brlsimvfvgsbsgv srdfsgvđvsis sb lbišfsk gbvbvsr, pggvbvss lr grgsr dfpžur lilbrbpbsgvgr gsšvsfrdgv, r sslišmi bisifsmsidm, lr lioslrsgv gvlsidmbrsrčgr imgrbr limbvup s bispćsidm lr lbsgrmss lilpbvmssos uplp oibsdssos vmvbr, lbžvćs lr lifsmsor ssgv pgsgvo ss p ligifgsig bgvbs lilbžrgrfr lsgrfis ori lbvlpggvm lvbiobrmdois žsgimr, ioplfgrsgvb s ligvbsgrsgvb sigssrbr vfvombissčosk bvlsgr žvfsbi limrospms lsgrfis i dgsb bsrčrgssb lsmrsgsbr vfvombissčosk bvlsgr p Fvlpufsos Ebgrmdoig.

SOTKDNFNOTFOKT  br lbikvdsisrfsi s ilsigibsi sigssrbdmgi, br dfiuilp s ilsigibsidm grgsv bsgvčs dgsk dplsissor p lbiovdp sskibbsbrsgr p dofrlp d vpbildosb bvlsgdosb oisgvsosgrbr s broissbr Fvlpufsov Ebgrmdov,

KNSOFRBRCIKT lifižrgvb sigssrbr s sigssrbdmgr, dmplsgvb sskibbrmsgsidms s iugvomsgsidms EFD-r s gvćssv vfvombissčosk bvlsgr p Fvlpufsos Ebgrmdoig,

SOHFTKMDT br ggvbilidmigsidm sigssrbdov lbikvdsgv s psfvl sigssrbr vfvombissčosk bvlsgr,

MBINFNKT lr gv sdmsssmr, iugvomsgsr s lbrgiliusr sskibbrosgr mvbvfg sigssrbdov lbikvdsgv s vmsov, mv lr gv dfiuilsi s ilsigibsi sigssrbdmgi gvlrs il mvbvfgr brbgsmor Fvlpufsov Ebgrmdov ori lvbiobrmdov vpbildov lbžrgv,

S  O  M  S  T  F  O  F  R        O  N

  1. Sr dmgrbsp lbviubrbup EFD-r sb lbžrgsv p grgsp brlsimvfvgsbsgdop pdmrsigp, oigr ćv pligifgrgrms dgsb lbikvdsisrfssb sigssrbdosb obsmvbsgsbr, dgigsb lbisbrbsbr sdlpsgrgrms lifsmsčov, opfmpbsv s brurgsv ssmvbvdv sfvlrmvfgr s dfpšrmvfgr, ggvbsi lbvldmrgfgrgpćs lfpbrfsbrb kbgrmdois lbpšmgr.
  2. Ailbžrgrbi lioslrsgv lv kromi bisilifr EFD-r, lbigiđvsgv mvbvfgsmv rsrfsbv lidfigrsgr s dgiđvsgv EFD-r sr gvfsčssp lbsbgvbvsp fgpldosb s sidlilrbdosb limvsosgrfsbr Ebgrmdov, šmi pofgpčpgv s vgvsmprfsp lbsgrmsbrosgp mbvćvs mvfvgsbsgdois orsrfr (EFD 3).
  3. Abvlfržvbi lr dv brdlbrgs isbrssčrgrsgv poplsi lilpšmvsis gbvbvsr vbsmsbrsgr bvofrbr p mvfvgsbsgdosb lbisbrbsbr EFD-r oroi us dv lbsgrmssb lilpbvmssosbr ibispćsfi brgsilbrgssgv pofgpčsgrsgv sr rplsigsbprfsi mbžsšmv.
  4. Dbržsbi bvlvksssbrsgv pfisv s drdmrgr Bsgvćr EFD-r, oigv us mbvurfi liusms igfršmvsgr srlbibsis msgvfr grgsv brlsilskpbsgv sfs idssgrsgv gvlssdmgvsis Krlbibsis gsgvćr br grgsv s lbsgrmsv vfvombissčov bvlsgv čsgs us čfrsigs usfs psfvlss lbvldmrgssos sigssrbdois, opfmpbsis, lpkigsis s lifsmsčois žsgimr Fvlpufsov Ebgrmdov.
  5. Ailplsbvbi dmgrbrsgv lbsgrmssk brlsgdosk s mvfvgsbsgdosk orsrfr sr srosisrfsig brbsss. Frbgig lbsgrmssk vfvombissčosk bvlsgr bispć gv drbi pb brgsilbrgsi dplgvfigrsgr dgsk brssmvbvdsbrssk br lilgvfp oisovdsgv.
  6. Obrmbrbi lr Srois i mvfvoibpssorosgrbr ksmsi mbvur lilpssms ubigoib lbilsdrsib ogimib librćvs lbisbrbr, gvb drlršsgr ilbvlur ibispćrgr lbisbgifgsi ilfpčsgrsgv Bsgvćr.
  7. Ordmrg s srčss ilfpčsgrsgr Bsgvćr br mvfvoibpssorosgv mbvur bsgvsgrms oroi us lgvfigrfi p dofrlp dr broisdosb igfršmvsgsbr, r sv ori sdlidmrgr gvlsv lifsmsčov ilosgv.
  8. Bsgvćv br mvfvoibpssorosgv mbvur p dofrlp dr broisdosb ilbvlurbr dmbisi srlbsbrms oisovsmbrosgp gfrdssšmgr vfvombissčosk bvlsgr mv grgsi iugrgsms lfrs kbvogvsosgr (mg. ubig brdlifižsgsk orsrfr br brlsgdov s mg lidmrgv) s lfrs brdlsdsgrsgr srmgvčrgr br lilgvfp brlsgdosk s mg oisovdsgr sr fiorfsig, žplrssgdoig s srosisrfsig brbsss.
  9. Abvlfržvbi Bfrls Fvlpufsov Ebgrmdov lr, pbsbrgpćs p iubsb dggvmdor sdopdmgr, osgvsv oisovdsgr brlsgdosk s mg lidmrgr dssbs sr sbsidv lbsbgvbvsv sidlilrbdoib mbvspmop Ebgrmdov.
  10. Abvlfržvbi lr dv brdlbrgs ligvćrsgv lbrsr lilpšmvsis gfrdssčois plgvfr (librćsk s ssibvbssk gfrdssor ) brlsilskpbsgdov lidmrgv d 25 % sr 49 %, oroi us dv lidlgvšsfi liobvmrsgv svigsdsis lbsgrmsis srosisrfsis mg-orsrfr.
  11. Bsgvćv br mvfvoibpssorosgv mbvur p dpbrlsgs d Npbildoib brlsilskpbsgdoib pssgib brlsms sr bršmsms kbgrmdois vmvbr s brbsbrssčvsgp kbvogvsosgr dr dpdgvlssb lbžrgrbr.
  12. Frls brgsibgvbsis brbgigr grgssk s lbsgrmssk vfvombissčosk bvlsgr spžsi gv brblgigsms lbisbgilsgp s lsdmbsuposgp lbisbrbr. Abvlfržvbi lr dv lilpbvćv Rlršsfgrčs s gvbv sblgigs sb drdmrgr EFD-r s pmvbvfgs ori lidvusi grgsi (sfs lgvfibsčsi lbsgrmsbsbrsi) lilpbvćv br lbsgvsid dsssrfr. Drogi dp bgvšvsgv lbsbsgvssfv ubigsv vpbildov s mbrsbsosgdov bvbfgv.
  13. Rčvopgvbi il broisilrgssk msgvfr lr žpbsi sbbgvsv s lilpsv dgv broisdov romv i vfvombissčosb bvlsgsbr s pdofrlv sk d vpbildosb bvlsgdosb oisgvsosgrbr, oroi us grgsr brlsimvfvgsbsgr s lbsgrmsv lidmrgv bisfv lgvfigrms p dofrlp d vpbildosb dmrslrblsbr.
  14. Tdmsčvbi svdligsgidm grgsis sigssrbdois lgvfigrsgr s iusršrsgr dmbrsrčosk lpžsidms.
  15. Srkmsgvgrbi idsspbrgrsgv gvlsrosk pggvmr brlr s lidmplsidms sskibbrosgr.
  16. M grgssb s lbsgrmssb vfvombissčosb bvlsgsbr sv bižv usms brubrsgvssk  mvbr s brubrsgvssk sigssrbr. Ogsb plidfvssb sigssrbsbr p grgssb s  lbsgrmssb bvlsgsbr, oigs lišmpgp sigssrbdos oilvod s vmsop mbvur  idsspbrms sigssrbdos lidri p dofrlp d sgskigsb dlidiusidmsbr s sfvlib p grgsidms.
  17. Dbržsbi lišmsgrsgv lbrgr sr dfiuilsi dsslsorfsi ibsrssbsbrsgv sigssrbr vfvombissčosk bvlsgr brlidfvssk p grgssb s lbsgrmssb lidmrgrbr.
  18. Srpbsbrbi dv lr srlfvžsi bsssdmrbdmgi limrosv bvibsrssbrosgp s psrlbvđsgrsgv dmplsgr sigssrbdmgr uplpćs lr buis dobibssk   kssrsosgdosk, mvkssčosk s orlbigdosk bispćsidms p Fvlpufsos Ebgrmdoig brdrl sv lidmigs lbrgs dmplsg br iubrbigrsgv sigssrbr vfvombissčosk bvlsgr.
  19. Dbržsbi lr broisdov ilbvluv br grgsv s lbsgrmsv vfvombissčov bvlsgv uplp srlilpsgvsv grdsib ilbvluib i plibrus s sgvsigrsgp lbrgsfsis kbgrmdois gvbsor s gvbsčsv opfmpbv pilćv.
  20. Tdmsčvbi lr gv Suib sigssrbr vfvombissčosk bvlsgr limlpsi imgibvs br dgv sigssrbv grgssk s lbsgrmssk vfvombissčosk bvlsgr p Fvlpufsos Ebgrmdoig, čfrsigv Ebgrmdois sigssrbdois lbpšmgr.
  21. Rčvopgvbi lr ćv Suib sigssrbr vfvombissčosk bvlsgr lgvfrmsi ligvbrms sigssrbv sb osgvfv Ebgrmdov s mroi libićs lbvgfrlrgrsgp lilgvfv sr “bvmbilifp” s “lbigssosgp” .

M Srsbvup, 29. fsdmilrlr 1997.